Table 1. Indications, Contraindications, and Complications of an Auditory Brainstem Implant2,4
Approved by the FDA
    Age ≥12 years with neurofibromatosis type 2 Non-approved indications under clinical study
    Postmeningitis ossification of both cochleae
    Cochlear trauma
    Cochlear nerve disruption
    Cochlear nerve aplasia
    Cochlear malformation
    Auditory neuropathy (idiopathic and caused by bony entrapment)
Central cause of deafness
Brainstem deformity Significant medical co-morbidities
Low life expectancy Severe developmental delay
Cerebrospinal fluid leak
Meningitis Cerebellar contusion and hemorrhage Permanent facial palsy Facial nerve palsy Lower cranial nerve injury Hydrocephalus Cerebellar edema Wound infection Temporary dysphonia Transient facial palsy
Balance issues
Device failure
  • FDA, Food and Drug Administration.