Table 2. Organization and Operating Level Models and Frameworks Addressing Collaboration
Name and ReferenceDescription
Coordinated, colocated, integrated6163A typology for design of integrated behavioral health in clinics featuring organizational arrangements along with some corresponding descriptions for how clinicians would interact in these arrangements.
Five levels of collaboration64A typology of escalating levels combining levels of organizational integration with levels of clinical integration and patterns of clinician interaction characterizing each level, or that are hallmarks of those levels (minimal collaboration, basic collaboration at a distance, basic collaboration on site, close collaboration in a partly integrated system, close collaboration in a fully integrated system).
Standard framework for integrated healthcare65Can be considered an elaboration and extension of the “five levels of collaboration” with more contextual information drawn in that in effect create alternative operating models for behavioral health integration, from less to more integration.
Lexicon for integration of behavioral health and primary Care66A national consensus functional definition of behavioral health integration: what functions are required, not an operating model or set of levels featuring both “types” and “levels” of practice spatial arrangements and collaborative relationships.
Collaborative care model67,68An approach for organizing integrated care that involves an arrangement between a care manager and psychiatrist working in tandem with a primary care team.