Table 3. Multivariable Model Predicting Family Planning Action During Visits by Women of Reproductive Age
VariableOdds Ratio (95% CI)
Any cardiovascular risk factor*1.2 (0.9–1.5)
Age group
    Adolescent0.8 (0.5–1.1)
    Advanced maternal age0.4 (0.3–0.5)
    Hispanic1.4 (0.9–2.3)
    Non-Hispanic black1.2 (0.9–1.7)
    Non-Hispanic other0.7 (0.4–1.2)
    Medicaid1.4 (0.8–2.4)
    Other0.6 (0.3–1.3)
    Self-pay0.7 (0.4–1.2)
Provider of patient visit
    Other MDReferent
    PCP1.1 (0.8–1.7)
Patient relationship with practice at time of visit
    New patientReferent
    Established patient0.9 (0.6–1.3)
Specialty of provider
    Obstetrics and gynecologyReferent
    Primary care specialties0.5 (0.3–0.9)
    Other0.3 (0.2–0.5)
Major reason for visit
    Nonpreventive careReferent
    Preventive visit2.3 (1.8–3.1)
Receipt of gynecologic or sexual health care
    Yes2.6 (1.9–3.7)
  • An abstractor variable indicating who completed the survey form (physicians and clinic personnel or Census field representative) was added to the multivariable analysis and did not affect the outcome measure in the adjusted analysis. Additional covariates in the model include region, metropolitan statistical area, and median household income for patient ZIP code. Model fit was assessed by the C statistic (C-statistic = 0.783).

  • * Cardiovascular risk factors include diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, or tobacco use.

  • CI, confidence interval; MD, medical doctor; PCP, primary care physician.