Table 3. Practice-based Research Network (PBRN) Characteristics, Reported Difficulty Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse Patient Population in Research, and Experience With Community Engagement Strategies (N = 68)
PBRN CharacteristicsNo.%
PBRN age (years)
    <51725.0
    5–102333.8
    ≥102841.2
How many publications does your PBRN have? (n)
    0 (newly established)1116.2
    1–3811.8
    4–102232.4
    >102739.7
How many grants does your PBRN have? (n)
    0 (newly started, no extramural grants)68.8
    1–31826.5
    4–102029.4
    >102435.3
Geographic population served
    Urban only2130.9
    Rural only710.3
    Both rural and urban4058.8
Racial communities specifically targeted for research in the past 5 years*
    None1217.6
    Black or African American3957.4
    Hispanic or Latino3855.9
    Asian1014.7
    Some other race/ethnicity1725.0
How difficult is it to recruit from diverse racial/ethnic communities?
    Not difficult1319.1
    Somewhat difficult2638.2
    Difficult1217.6
    Very difficult1217.6
    Don't know/not applicable57.4
How difficult is it to retain participants from diverse racial/ethnic communities through the duration of the research project?
    Not difficult913.2
    Somewhat difficult3247.1
    Difficult811.8
    Very difficult710.3
    Don't know/not applicable1217.6
Special populations specifically targeted for research participation*
    None1522.1
    Rural2638.2
    Inner city2739.7
    Low income3652.9
    Minority3652.9
    Underserved populations3957.4
    Other (urban, LGBT, seniors, children)710.3
PBRN has a community advisory board2029.4
PBRN is affiliated with a university3754.4
PBRN is affiliated with a Clinical Translational Science Award4464.7
  • * Response categories are not mutually exclusive.

  • Data obtained from the 2011 Agency for Health care Research and Quality PBRN Resource Center Registry; all other data were obtained from the PRIME Net Survey of PBRN directors.