Table 1. Medical Conditions Associated With Infertility
Cryptorchidism, testicular torsion, and trauma6
Postpubertal mumps orchitis7
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Diabetes and poor glycemic control9
Erectile dysfunction10,11
Multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury12
Hyper or hypothyroidism13
Prostatitis, epididymitis, sexually transmitted diseases15
Malignancies (Hodgkin16 and testicular cancer17) and any endocrine or metabolic effects of cancer18