Table 1. Family Physicians Routinely Working with Nurse Practitioners (NPs), Physicians Assistants (PAs), or Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs)
CharacteristicsWorks With NPs, PAs, or CNMs
Yes (n = 3481; 59.8%)No (n = 2337, 40.2%)
Mean age, yrs (SD)47.7 (9.3)48.3 (9.7)*
Male sex57.857.4
MD vs. DO90.990.7
Currently Board certified96.596.5
Large rural11.08.4*
Small rural7.54.2*
  • Values provided as percentages unless otherwise indicated.

  • * P < .05.