Table 3. Comparison of Patients with Chronic Nonmalignant Pain by Chronic Opioid Use
Patient FactorChronic Opioids (N = 65)No Chronic Opioids (N = 72)P
Mean age of patient (years)
Mean length of index office visit (min)17.9 minutes19.1 minute.021
Patient sex (female)5557NS
Patient raceNS
    African American2420
Patients with a mental health diagnosis6944.005
Patients with ≥3 types of pain2613.04
  • Values provided as percentages unless otherwise indicated.

  • NS, not significant.