Table 1. Baseline Characteristics of Patients with Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Consumption
CharacteristicControl Group (n = 366)Intervention Group (n = 346)P
Age, years (mean ± SD)49.0 (16.0)46.0 (16.6).02*
Sex
    Male71.368.1
    Female28.731.9.36
Household composition
    Lives alone22.218.4
    Lives with partner, children, or both77.881.6.24
Education
    Basic21.822.1
    Intermediate45.545.3
    High32.732.61.00
Smoking status
    Nonsmoker70.559.1
    Smoker29.540.9<.01*
Comorbidities
    Presence of chronic somatic comorbidity without psychiatric comorbidity70.565.9.28
    Presence of psychiatric comorbidity without chronic somatic comorbidity16.919.7.49
    Presence of both chronic somatic and psychiatric comorbidity12.614.5.59
Attitudes toward alcohol use
    Less alcohol use improves health (yes)84.885.1.91
    Less alcohol use is not enjoyable (yes)59.153.8.17
    Less alcohol use complicates relaxing (yes)28.433.3.17
Importance of changing alcohol use
    Important12.714.9
    Neutral49.042.1
    Unimportant38.343.0.18
  • Values provided as percentages unless otherwise indicated.

  • * P < .05.