Table 3.

Prevalence of Psychological and Physical Violence—Past 90 Days Based on 6 Questions from the CTS % (N = 399)

AllWhiteBlackOther
Any type of violence44.3 (n = 164)44.1 (n = 104)44.7 (n = 46)45.1 (n = 14)
Psychological violence with or without physical violence43.5 (n = 162)43.5 (n = 103)43.3 (n = 45)45.2 (n = 14)
Physical violence with or without psychological violence*10.3 (n = 38)6.8 (n = 16)19.6 (n = 20)6.5 (n = 2)
Type of violence experienced
 No violence 55.9 (n = 208)56.1 (n = 133)55.7 (n = 58)54.8 (n = 17)
 Only psychological violence§34.1 (n = 126)37.1 (n = 88)25 (n = 26)38.7 (n = 12)
 Only physical violence0.5 (n = 2)0.42 (n = 1)0.96 (n = 1)0.0 (n = 0)
 Both psychological and physical violence 9.7 (n = 36)6.3 (n = 15)18.3 (n = 19)6.5 (n = 2)
  • * p < .01

  • Women who report no psychological or physical violence.

  • p < .05;

  • § Women who report psychological violence in absence of physical violence.

  • Women who reported physical violence in the absence of psychological violence.

  • Women who reported both physical and psychological violence.