Table 1.

Common Foot and Ankle Surgical Terms

AO fixationSwiss method of application of internal fixation (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Fuer Osteosynthesefragen = Association for the Study of Internal Fixation)
ArthrodesisSurgical immobilization of a joint by cartilage removal, usually with fixation
ArthroplastyFormation or restoration of a joint, usually with a metallic or nonmetallic implant
CheilectomyDorsal bone resection, typically of the first metatarsal head
ChondroplastyRestorative or reshaping surgery of the cartilage
Gastroc recessionLengthening of gastrocnemius aponeurosis because of gastrocnemius equinus or tightness
Ilizarov methodRussian method of application of external fixation with fine wires and ring fixators
Keller procedureResection of the base of proximal phalanx of hallux
OsteotomyBone division to correct a deformity, usually stabilized with fixation (Akin for proximal phalanx; Chevron, SCARF, crescentic for first metatarsal; Dwyer for calcaneus)
SynovectomyRemoving part or all of the synovial membrane
Tendon transferShifting a functioning tendon from its original attachment to a new one to restore the action that has been lost
Tendon/Achilles lengtheningLengthening of Achilles tendon because of gastrocsoleus equinus deformity or tightness, commonly known as TAL