Table 1.

Principles of Biomedical Ethics for Clinical Practice3

PrincipleClinician Obligation
Respect for AutonomyClinicians have an obligation to respect the patient as a human being who has the right to make decisions consistent with the patient's values.
NonmaleficenceClinicians have an obligation to identify, minimize or avoid harm to patients.
BeneficenceClinicians have an obligation to seek the patient's good.
JusticeClinicians should promote fair distribution of services for patient populations.