Table 2.

Screening Criteria Applied to Adults with Intellectual Disabilities

Screening CriterionPotential Difference in Population of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
Disease is serious and has important consequences.Same.
Disease is progressive and early treatment is more effective than late treatment.Depending on extent of cognitive impairment, treatment of disease might be logistically difficult or ineffective, if identified.
Disease progresses a preclinical phase easily identified by a screening test.Adults with ID may have a longer detectable preclinical phase since limitations in cognitive functioning may preclude their accurately identifying and reporting symptoms.
Preclinical phase is of long duration and is prevalent enough in screened population to limit false positives/negatives.Adults with ID may have different prevalence of certain diseases (ex. obesity, sexually transmitted diseases) compared with the general population.
  • Adapted from: Aschengrau and Seage, 2003.4