Table 4.

Association between Postpartum Depression Beliefs and Screening Practices

Statement (responses*)Often or Always Screen Women at Postpartum VisitsP valueOften or Always Screen Mothers at Well-Child VisitsP value
General beliefs about postpartum depression
    1. Postpartum depression affects the children of affected mothers.
        Agreed (n = 287)70.4%NS46.7%NS
        Did Not Agree (n = 7)71.4%28.6%
    2. Postpartum depression affects the spouses of affected women.
        Agreed (n = 291)70.8%NS46.4%NS
        Did Not Agree (n = 3)33.3%33.3%
    3. Therapy for postpartum depression is effective.
        Agreed (n = 277)70.8%NS46.6%NS
        Did Not Agree (n = 15)66.7%40.0%
General beliefs about screening for postpartum depression
    1. Postpartum depression is common enough to warrant screening.
        Agreed (n = 256)77.7%<.00150.8%<.001
        Did Not Agree (n = 37)18.9%13.5%
    2. Postpartum depression is a serious enough problem to warrant screening.
        Agreed (n = 264)73.9%<.00148.5%.013
        Did Not Agree (n = 29)37.9%24.1%
Beliefs about screening women at postpartum visits
    1. Screening at every postpartum visit would take too much effort.
        Agreed (n = 56)48.2%<.00121.4%<.001
        Did Not Agree (n = 234)76.1%52.1%
    2. Screening at every postpartum visit would not be effective.
        Agreed (n = 10,21)50.0%NS20.0%NS
        Did Not Agree (n = 281,268)71.2%47.0%
Beliefs about screening mothers at well-child visits
    1. Screening at every well-child visit up to one year-of-age would take too much effort.
        Agreed (n = 102,103)60.8%.00926.2%<.001
        Did Not Agree (n = 191,190)75.4%56.8%
    2. Screening at every well-child visit would not be effective.
        Agreed (n = 21)71.4%23.8%.034
        Did Not Agree (n = 268)70.5%NS47.8%
  • * If two numbers are shown, they represent postpartum visits and well-child visits, respectively.

  • Statistical analysis based on Fisher’s exact test.

  • Statistical analysis based on χ2 analysis.