Table 1.

Baseline Study Population Characteristics of 7288 Patients

CharacteristicMean (SD)
Female (%)47.39
Age (years)62.00 (14.08)
Hemoglobin A1c7.26 (1.66)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)96.00 (35.15)
Urine microalbumin/creatinine56.45 (391.39)
Race/Ethnicity (%)
    White44.67
    Black10.50
    Hispanic9.17
    Asian4.82
    Other30.84
Insurance type (%)
    Fee for service1.49
    HMO41.67
    MediCal3.99
    MediCare41.47
    PPO9.56
    Self pay0.72
    Workman's compensation0.25
    Other0.86
Primary language (%)
    English94.73
    Other5.27
Driving distance to PCP (miles)5.56 (5.05)
Driving distance to medical center (miles)9.25 (10.10)
  • LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HMO, health management organization; PPO, preferred provider organization; PCP, primary care physician.