Table 2.

Sociodemographic Factors, Health Status, and Primary Medication Non-adherence (N = 3926)

VariableUnadjusted Percentage of Primary Non-adherencePrimary Non-adherence, Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Primary Non-adherence,* Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age
    18–64 years24.02.27 (1.72–3.03)2.70 (1.89–3.85)
    > 65 years12.2
Gender
    Females24.11.44 (1.19–1.74)1.36 (1.10–1.68)
    Males18.1
Race
    African American22.81.50 (0.89–2.53)1.72 (1.01–2.96)
    White20.6
Marital Status
    Married21.61.00 (0.84–1.19)1.29 (1.03–1.62)
    Single21.6
Income
    <$15,00028.11.88 (1.41–2.49)2.16 (1.46–3.19)
    $15,000-$24,99925.91.68 (1.26–2.23)1.96 (1.38–2.78)
    $25,000-$49,99919.51.16 (0.89–1.53)1.21 (0.90–1.64)
    > $50,00017.2
Education:
    < High School21.01.29 (0.96–1.73)0.88 (0.61–1.27)
    High school23.41.49 (1.17–1.89)1.18 (0.90–1.56)
    College grad17.1
Employment
    Unemployed31.81.75 (1.27–2.43)1.35 (0.95–1.15)
    Employed21.0
Health Status:
    Fair/poor28.41.70 (1.42–2.04)1.69 (1.35–2.12)
    Good/excellent18.9
  • * Adjusted for age, sex, marital status, race, education, income, employment, and health status.

  • Referent group

  • Statistically significant odds ratio