Table 5.

ATP III Adult Lipid Screening Recommendations

Risk GroupBegin ScreeningFrequencyTest
CHD*201 to 2 yearsFasting lipid panel
CHD risk equivalent or 2 or more risk factors
Familial dyslipidemia or family history of premature CHD20Every 2 yearsFasting lipid panel
No risk20Every 5 yearsFasting lipid panel or non-fasting total cholesterol/HDL
  • * CHD, coronary heart disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.

  • Risk factors: cigarette smoking, hypertension or taking blood pressure medication, HDL <40, first degree relative with coronary artery disease (men <55, women <65), age (men >45, women >55).