Table 1.

Risk Factors for an Alcohol-exposed Pregnancy

Age: >3089, 103
Hx binge drinking or long history of drinking91–93
College educated103
Low or high SES94, 97
Special Education populations90
Poor Native Americans90
Hx of physical/sexual abuse ever51
Hx of physical abuse in past year103, 105
Heavy drinking by male partner or any family member95, 97, 98
Loss of children to foster/adoptive care94, 95, 99
Poly-drug use/cigarette smoking92, 93, 96, 104
Previous child with FAS95
Major depressive disorder51, 100, 104
Post traumatic stress disorder51
Unmarried89, 98
Early age of drinking onset101, 102
  • Hx, history.