Table 2.

Multivariate Analysis of Vulnerability, Primary Care, and Mental Health Status (Odds Ratio (95% CI))

Mental Health (Modeling 1 = Poor Mental Health)
Model IModel IIModel III
1996/1997
    Vulnerability
        White-Poverty2.02 (1.84, 2.21)***2.09 (1.83, 2.37)***1.40 (1.22, 1.61)***
        White-above Poverty (ref)
        Black-Poverty2.80 (2.31, 3.41)***2.71 (2.12, 3.46)***1.61 (1.26, 2.05)***
        Black-above Poverty1.32 (1.17, 1.49)***1.12 (1.00, 1.26)*1.03 (0.91, 1.16)
        Hispanic-Poverty1.57 (1.31, 1.87)***1.67 (1.29, 2.17)***0.98 (0.71, 1.34)
        Hispanic-above Poverty1.19 (1.09, 1.31)***1.12 (0.97, 1.28)1.00 (0.82, 1.22)
        Other-Poverty2.13 (1.62, 2.81)***2.68 (1.93, 3.70)***1.78 (1.25, 2.53)**
        Other-above Poverty1.18 (1.05, 1.34)**1.23 (1.06, 1.42)**1.13 (0.96, 1.34)
    Primary Care
        Accessibility0.95 (0.93, 0.98)***0.92 (0.95, 0.99)*
        Interpersonal Relationship0.92 (0.92, 0.93)***0.92 (0.92, 0.93)***
    Covariates
        Sample size498073049230492
1998/1999
    Vulnerability
        White-Poverty2.12 (1.83, 2.45)***2.23 (1.84, 2.69)***1.45 (1.20, 1.75)***
        White-above Poverty (ref)
        Black-Poverty2.70 (1.83, 2.45)***2.37 (1.92, 2.92)***1.21 (0.95, 1.55)
        Black-above Poverty1.38 (1.26, 1.51)***1.32 (1.18, 1.49)***1.21 (1.08, 1.36)***
        Hispanic-Poverty2.19 (1.66, 2.88)***2.29 (1.74, 3.01)***1.33 (0.99, 1.79)
        Hispanic-above Poverty1.20 (1.08, 1.33)***1.15 (0.99, 1.33)1.10 (0.94, 1.28)
        Other-Poverty2.35 (1.67, 3.31)***2.24 (1.40, 3.60)***1.44 (0.87, 2.38)
        Other-above Poverty1.03 (0.88, 1.21)0.95 (0.80, 1.13)0.84 (0.69, 1.01)
    Primary Care
        Accessibility0.94 (0.92, 0.96)***0.96 (0.94, 0.98)***
        Interpersonal Relationship0.93 (0.92, 0.94)***0.93 (0.92, 0.94)***
    Covariates
        Sample size487243035830358
  • * P < .5;

  • ** P < .01;

  • *** P < .001.

  • Covariates include sex, education, insurance coverage, smoke or not, employment status, and usual source of care type of place (age and employer type not included).

  • Note: Analysis for all models excluded the observations that have missing values in mental health status. Models II and III also excluded those who did not answer all 7 questions in regard to accessibility and interpersonal relationship of primary care.