Table 1.

Characteristics of Primary Care Patients During the Early Months of COVID-19 (March 23, 2020–June 22, 2020) and Late COVID-19 (March 23, 2022–June 22, 2022) in Practices Serving Primarily Commercially Insured Patients and Clinics Serving Low-Income, Un-/Underinsured Patients

Early COVID-19Late COVID-19
CommercialUninsuredCommercialUninsured
VariablesCategoriesMean (SD)/ N (%)Mean (SD)/ N (%)Mean (SD)/ N (%)Mean (SD)/ N (%)
N1,47,65740861,38,0404094
Age, mean (SD)55.37 (17.51)50.60 (12.47)55.57 (17.50)52.67 (12.21)
Sex, N (%)Female88,616 (60.01)2682 (65.64)82,863 (60.03)2661 (65.00)
Male59,037 (39.98)1404 (34.36)55,166 (39.96)1433 (35.00)
Race/ethnicity, N (%)White97,088 (65.75)454 (11.11)88,433 (64.06)384 (9.38)
Black20,054 (13.58)857 (20.97)18,050 (13.08)787 (19.22)
Hispanic17,684 (11.98)2656 (65.0)18,025 (13.06)2827 (69.05)
Other7148 (4.84)86 (2.10)8439 (6.11)71 (1.73)
Unknown5683 (3.85)33 (0.81)5093 (3.69)25 (0.61)
Type of Insurance, N (%)Uninsured/Self-Pay16,821 (11.39)3162 (77.39)17,034 (12.34)3108 (75.92)
Unknown1391 (0.94)109 (2.67)996 (0.72)76 (1.86)
Government/Private1,29,445 (87.67)815 (19.95)1,20,010 (86.94)910 (22.23)
Patients with diabetes, N (%)Yes33,514 (22.7)1840 (45.03)30,498 (22.09)2019 (49.32)
No1,14,143 (77.3)2246 (54.97)1,07,542 (77.91)2075 (50.68)
Patients with hypertension, N (%)Yes76,190 (51.6)1998 (48.9)74,310 (53.83)2191 (53.52)
No71,467 (48.4)2088 (51.1)63,730 (46.17)1903 (46.48)
  • Abbreviation: SD, Standard deviation.