Table 1.

Comparison of Family Medicine Trained and/or Board Certified Emergency Physicians by Board Certification

CharacteristicsAll Family Medicine EPs, n = 4354Family Medicine Board Certification, n = 3596General Emergency Medicine Board Certification, n = 388Neither Family Medicine nor Emergency Medicine Board Certification, n = 51No Board Certification, n = 319
n%n%n%n%n%P Value*
Age, y (median [IQR])435465 (59 to 69)359664 (59 to 69)38866 (58 to 70)5167 (62 to 71)31965 (60 to 71)<0.001
Age categories, y<0.001
    25 to 441383110314412134
    45 to 6419914617014713535214113442
Female sex5311242912561451041130.48
International medical graduate70116589163398167122<0.001
US Census division<0.001
    New England175414941542493
    Mid Atlantic3418281834948227
    East North Central59014496143699184916
    West North Central39193491019524217
    South Atlantic9032172820100268166722
    East South Central41510341102875104113
    West South Central586144911433910205217
MSA population size<0.001
    250,000 to 999,999939228012274199185517
    100,000 to 249,99947411398113810483411
Urban influence<0.001
    Large rural56013479133397144113
    Small rural37293229123483411
    Emergency medicine403917652005236248
    Family medicine36468431818816242214128288
    Internal medicine662290.8144193741
    Internship only581582000000
    Other residency130.3130.4000000
Years since completed medical training0.006
    5 to 99827921330062
    10 to 1952012415126617483511
Primary specialty of emergency medicine2563592004563639491818759<0.001
  • EPs, emergency physicians; IQR, interquartile range; MSA, metropolitan statistical area.

  • * Bivariate comparisons were tested using Kruskal-Wallis, χ2, and Fisher's exact tests, as appropriate.