Table 3.

Odds Ratios for Independent Variables and Loneliness, (n = 401)

VariableOdds Ratio (95% CI)P value
Age, years
    25–341.86 (0.87-3.95).534
    35–441.30 (0.63-2.70).103
    45–542.35 (1.13-4.93).386
    55–641.33 (0.48- 3.66).088
    >64Reference
Gender
    Female1.40 (0.92-2.12).999
    MaleReference
Employment status
    Part-time1.28 (0.69-2.38).152
    Full-timeReference
Years in clinical practice (for additional year in practice)1.02 (1.00-1.04).019
Practice location
    Urban0.57 (0.10-3.38).861
    Large rural0.97 (0.18-5.29).979
    Small rural1.13 (0.25-5.13).487
    IsolatedReference
Membership
    AAFP Member Insight Exchange1.11 (0.69-1.79).662
    AAFP NRN memberReference
Depression
    Screened positive5.08 (4.64-7.94)<.001
    Screen negativeReference
Manifestations of burnout
    Burned out4.61 (2.96-7.19)<.001
    Not burnoutReference
Emotional exhaustion
    High score7.19 (4.03-12.02)<.001
    Moderate score2.85 (1.59-5.10)<.001
    Low scoreReference
Depersonalization
    High score4.76 (2.58-8.77)<0.001
    Moderate score1.45 (0.79-2.65).251
    Low scoreReference
Level of fatigue
    High degree4.63 (1.91-7.63)<0.001
    Low degreeReference
  • AAFP, American Academy of Family Physicians; CI, confidence interval; NRN, National Research Network.