Table 2.

Respondent Ratings of Access to General Health Care and Primary Care Research

How Often Do You Access Information about General Health Care Research? (n = 252 Answering)
Never n (%)Few Times/Year n (%)Once/Month n (%)Once/Week n (%)Few Times/Week n (%)Daily n (%)No Answer n
1 (0.4)11 (4.4)22 (8.7)38 (15.1)102 (40.5)78 (30.9)0
Where do you learn about general health care research?* (n = 252 answering)
Number%
Academic journals (original articles)21986.9
Clinical practice guidelines20079.4
Newspapers14959.1
Informal discussions with colleagues at work14758.3
Medical newspapers and magazines13252.4
Summaries in academic journals13352.8
Summaries of research (ie, clinical PEARLS)11144
Social media including Facebook and Twitter7329
Blogs on the Internet6023.8
Podcasts about research or clinical practice4919.4
Journal clubs4417.4
Pharmaceutical company representatives2610.3
Other239.1
Guidelines from professional organizations00
Not answered00
How often do you read original general health care research reports in academic journals? (n = 252 answering)
Never n (%)Few Times/Year n (%)Monthly n (%)Weekly n (%)Daily n (%)No Answer n
6 (2.4)51 (20.2)91 (36.1)87 (34.5)17 (6.7)0
How often do general health research reports deliver what you need to:
Rarely n (%)Sometimes n (%)Frequently n (%)Always n (%)No Answer nMean††
Understand the take-home messages6 (2.5)97 (41.1)118 (50)15 (6.4)162.60
Apply findings to your patients, practice, and community28 (11.9)132 (55.9)71 (30.1)5 (2.1)162.23
Change your clinical practice55 (23.5)140 (59.8)36 (15.4)3 (1.3)181.94
Critically appraise study quality38 (16.4)125 (53.9)54 (23.3)15 (6.5)201.94
Consider further scholarship/research in your own context95 (41.1)96 (41.6)33 (14.3)7 (3)211.79
How often do you read original primary care research reports in academic journals?
Never n (%)A Few Times/Year n (%)Monthly n (%)Weekly n (%)Daily n (%)No Answer n
2 (0.9)56 (23.8)100 (42.5)70 (29.8)7 (3)17
How often do primary care research reports deliver what you need to:
Rarely n (%)Sometimes n (%)Frequently n (%)Always n (%)No Answer nMean††
Understand the take-home message(s)3 (1.3)81 (36)118 (52.4)23 (10.2)272.72§
Apply findings to your patients, practice, and community11 (4.9)102 (45.7)98 (43.9)12 (5.4)292.50§
Change your clinical practice28 (12.5)154 (68.7)38 (17)4 (1.8)282.08§
Critically appraise study quality31 (14.2)125 (57)53 (24.2)10 (4.6)332.19
Consider further scholarship/research in your own context57 (25.7)118 (53.1)41 (18.5)6 (2.7)301.98§
  • Online survey 2019. n = 252.

  • * More than one option possible.

  • Options are displayed here in rank order, not as presented on the questionnaire.

  • †† Four-point Likert scale: 1 = rarely, 2 = sometimes, 3 = frequently, 4 = always. See Appendix 2 for differences between ratings of general health care (GHC) and primary care (PC) research reports.

  • § Significant difference in distributions of Likert scale scores, with PC scores higher than GHC scores, by Wilcoxon matched pairs signed-rank test, 2-tailed, alpha = 0.01. See detail in Appendix 2.