Table 3.

Description of the Global Sample and Comparison between Clusters of Family Physicians Based on Their Burnout Scores

ParameterTotal Sample (n = 392)Values for Cluster 1 (n = 293)Values for Cluster 2 (n = 99)Statistics for χ2 TestP for Univariate Logistic Regression
tP
Sex, n (%)
    Female202 (52)152 (52)50 (51)0.10.810.81
    Male190 (48)141 (48)49 (49)
Age, mean (SD)50.0 (10.7)50.8 (10.5)47.6 (11.1)2.60.010.01
Professional expertise (y), mean (SD)23.0 (10.7)23.7 (10.6)21.2 (11.0)2.00.040.04
Origin of sampling, n (%)
    SEMERGEN278 (71)201 (69)77 (78)3.00.080.08
    Spanish Primary Health Care Centers114 (29)92 (31)22 (22)
MBI, mean (SD)
    Emotional Exhaustion31.0 (20.8)22.5 (14.2)55.9 (17.0)−19.2<0.01
    Personal Accomplishment56.5 (21.1)61.0 (20.7)43.3 (16.1)8.8<0.01
    Depersonalization17.0 (19.4)8.4 (10.1)42.5 (17.7)-18.1<0.01
Workload, n (%)
    Proportion of fibromyalgia visits10.8 (23.7)9.9 (23.0)13.5 (25.6)−1.20.220.22
    Fibromyalgia patients require more regular visits than other chronic pain patients (Yes)255 (65)176 (60)79 (80)12.7<0.01<0.01
    Fibromyalgia patients require more extra visits than other chronic pain patients (Yes)164 (42)101 (35)63 (64)25.9<0.01<0.01
    Fibromyalgia patients require more time per visit than other chronic pain patients (Yes)311 (79)221 (75)90 (91)10.8<0.01<0.01
    More than 50% of fibromyalgia patients require medical reports (Yes)189 (48)123 (42)66 (67)18.1<0.01<0.01
    Sick-leave in fibromyalgia patients increases workload compared to other disorders (Yes)152 (39)85 (29)67 (68)46.6<0.01<0.01
    Hinders the treatment (Yes)134 (88)73 (86)61 (91)1.00.330.33
    Increases number of visits (Yes)143 (94)79 (93)64 (96)0.50.500.50
Resources, n (%)
    Personal
        Perceived knowledge of fibromyalgia (Relatively high or Very high)172 (44)132 (45)40 (40)0.60.420.39
        Did not receive education about fibromyalgia109 (28)78 (27)31 (31)0.80.370.37
        Education about fibromyalgia acquired by self-study267 (68)201 (69)66 (67)0.10.720.72
        Undergraduate education about fibromyalgia60 (15)44 (15)16 (16)0.10.790.79
        Education about fibromyalgia acquired by workshops157 (40)123 (42)34 (34)1.80.180.18
        Knowledge and use of Clinical Guides291 (74)229 (78)62 (63)9.3<0.01<0.01
    External
        Availability of a treatment protocol for fibromyalgia at own work center22 (6)18 (6)4 (4)0.60.430.43
        Support from nurse82 (21)73 (25)9 (9)11.2<0.01<0.01
        Support from specialists (diagnostic)360 (2)271 (93)89 (90)0.70.410.41
        Support from specialists (treatment)354 (90)265 (90)89 (90)0.030.870.87
     Beliefs about fibromyalgia
        Etiology of fibromyalgia (psychosomatic)166 (42)107 (37)59 (60)16.1<0.01<0.01
        Fibromyalgia is an irreversibly disabling disorder (yes)190 (49)152 (52)38 (38)5.40.020.02
        Negative impression of fibromyalgia patients59.2 (12.7)56.7 (11.7)66.4 (12.5)−7.0<0.01<0.01
        Perceived degree of treatment efficacy55.0 (14.8)56.2 (14.7)51.2 (14.5)2.94<0.01<0.01
  • SEMERGEN, Spanish Society of Primary Care Physicians; SD, standard deviation; MBI, Maslach Burnout Inventory.