Table 3.

Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% CI for the Relation Between the Diabetes Severity and Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) Scores in NHANES 2013 to 2014

ModelOR95% CIP-Value*
Model I1.131.02 to 1.24.02
Model II1.431.21 to 1.68.0003
Model III§1.371.27 to 1.46<.0001
Model IV0.990.85 to 1.15.85
  • CI, confidence interval; DII, Dietary Inflammatory Index; NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

  • * P-values from logistic regression analysis for association between diabetes and DII scores, between severity of diabetes and DII scores, adjusted for age, sex, race, health insurance status, education level, BMI, smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity.

  • Model I comparing diabetes to no diabetes.

  • Model II comparing severe diabetes (HgbA1c > 9) to mild diabetes (6.5 ≤ HgbA1c ≤ 9).

  • § Model III comparing severe diabetes (HgbA1c > 9) to no diabetes.

  • Model IV comparing mild diabetes (6.5 ≤ HgbA1c ≤ 9) to no diabetes.