Table 1.

Health Outcomes and Utilization by Housing Insecurity

Self-Reported Health Status and UtilizationWorry About Paying Rent or Mortgage
Yes (n = 28,704)No (n = 199,427)P Value
Number of Chronic Conditions
    2 or more1,97341.512,31230.4<.001
Health services utilization
    Deferred care due to cost11,00942.814,89910.2<.001
    Had a routine check-up within past year18,82164.0148,76873.8<.001
    No usual source of care6,16829.026,68219.4<.001
Self-reported health (mean number of days in last month)
    Poor physical health8.63.9<.001
    Poor mental health9.52.6<.001
    Poor overall health8.03.3<.001
  • Source: Author analysis of 2011 to 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) data. Between 2011 to 2015, 23 states implemented the Social Context Module that included this question. BRFSS asks about self-reported health by determining the responses to three questions that inquire about the specific number of days within the past month that physical, mental, and overall health were not good.