Table 4.

Reported Barriers and Facilitators of FIT Return by Patient Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic or Latino, n (%) (n = 48)Non-Hispanic Black, n (%) (n = 28)Non-Hispanic White, n (%) (n = 45)P
Barriers
    Cost of test6 (13)6 (21)10 (22).39
    Poor/confusing test instructions26 (54)4 (14)3 (7)<.001
    Transportation to return site12 (25)4 (14)7 (16).42
    Time to complete test11 (23)6 (21)9 (20).96
    Limited return sites3 (6)2 (7)8 (18).18
    Return site hours of operation1 (2)0 (0)2 (4).61
    Fear of abnormal findings10 (21)7 (25)7 (16).56
    Fear of embarrassment27 (56)5 (18)6 (13)<.001
    Lack of motivation32 (67)14 (50)16 (36).03
    Forgetfulness35 (73)19 (68)20 (44).02
Facilitators
    Pre-paid postage w/ return address40 (83)16 (57)37 (82).05
    More drop-off sites31 (65)16 (57)16 (36).02
    Live call reminders40 (83)19 (68)29 (64).13
    Text message reminders29 (60)17 (61)26 (58).84
    Email reminders12 (25)9 (32)13 (29).57
    Mailed reminders23 (48)12 (43)16 (36).49
    Better test instructions26 (54)4 (14)3 (7)<.001
    More educational materials36 (75)14 (50)14 (31)<.001
    More time with clinician34 (71)13 (46)14 (31)<.001
  • FIT, fecal immunochemical test.

  • P values generated from χ2 tests. Bold font indicates statistical significance at the two-sided α = 0.05 level.