Table 1.

Characteristics of Learning from Effective Ambulatory Practices and Behavioral Health Integration, 2013

CharacteristicN = 30*%
Practice characteristics
Organization type
    Federally qualified health center1550.0
    Private practice, multispecialty group930.0
    Private practice, primary care only620.0
Number of sites in practice organization
    2 to 5620.0
    6 to 10826.7
    11 to 20413.3
BH specialist staffing characteristics
Any BH specialist present at practice2583.3
    Masters'-level therapists (such as LCSWs)2170.0
    BH prescribers (psychiatrists or psychiatric NPs)1653.3
    Substance abuse counselors310.0
    Complementary/alternative BH providers (such as art therapists, dance movement therapists)310.0
Affiliation of BH specialist when present (N = 25)
    Employed by the practice1456.0
    Employed by an external organization832.0
    Mixed (some BH staff employed by practice, some employed by external organization)28.0
BH-related services available
Any BH-related screening2273.3
    Depression (PHQ or others)2273.3
    Substance use826.7
Any BH-related services2790.0
    Short-term therapeutic approaches2066.7
    CBT, DBT, and/or ACT826.7
    Complementary/alternative BH therapies516.7
Any access to BH prescribers (psychiatrists or psychiatric NPs)1860.0
    Via in-person appointments and consultations1653.3
    Via telemedicine or phone310.0
Substance use counseling or programs available in the practice723.3
  • BH, behavioral health; CBT, cognitive behavioral therapy; DBT, dialectical behavioral therapy; ACT, acceptance and commitment therapy; PCP, primary care provider; PHQ, Patient Health Questionnaire; LCSW, licensed clinical social workers; NP, nurse practitioner.

  • * Except where otherwise noted.

  • Multiple options could apply to each site.

  • 25 of 30 LEAP practices had at least one BH specialist available to provide BH services at the practice.