Table 4.

Resources on Publishing Ethics Guidelines and Predatory Journals. (All links accessed July 6, 2018.)

Resource NameTool to Assess JournalsNotes
Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)COPE Digest: Publication Ethics in Practice.Established 1997. Over 12,000 publishers and journals. Published ethical guidelines and provides ethical consultation to editors, publishers, authors, and reviewers. Browse or search cases involving predatory journals and related ethical issues (
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)What is the DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals?Started in 2003 at Lund University, Sweden.
https://doaj.org 10,000 journals, publishers, editors, universities, and libraries. Published ethical guidelines. Not inclusive: e.g., does not include Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, Family Medicine, or Annals of Family Medicine.
Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA)HowOpenIsIt?Established 2008 with supported of Wellcome Trust. 133 journal and book publishers, related organizations. Published ethical guidelines. Example members: BioMed Central, Public Library of Science (PLOS), DOAJ, and CLOCKSS Archive.
World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)Identifying Predatory or Pseudo-Journals.Established 1995. Global association of editors of peer-reviewed medical journals. Published ethical guidelines.
Think Check SubmitReference this list for your chosen journal to check if it is trusted.Founded 2018 by BioMed Central, COPE, DOAJ, OASPA, and others. Tool available in many languages.
National Library of MedicineNLM Catalog: Journals referenced in the NCBI DatabasesJournal information and whether it is indexed in MEDLINE, PubMed, or PubMed Central. Look for the phrase “Currently indexed for MEDLINE.”
Journal Citation Reports general, a higher number of journal citations is associated with legitimate journals.