Table 2.

Hazards of Submitting Scholarly Work to a Predatory Journal

  1. No peer review or editorial assessment and guidance.

  2. Article may not be indexed or accessible to readers worldwide.

  3. Paper may never be published or only be intermittently available.

  4. If published, paper might may not be permanently archived for search and retrieval.

  5. Work might be published without author permission.

  6. Paper may not be protected by copyright or copyright not enforced.

  7. Charges high fee for publication: “article processing charge.”

  8. No dissemination to target readership.

  9. Lack of academic recognition.

  10. Prevents subsequent publication in a legitimate journal.

  11. Supports an unscrupulous and predatory industry.

  12. Undermines professional and public trust in published research.