Table 2.

Civilian Non-Institutionalized Population Depression Assessment Rates by Depressive Symptom Status, 2014/2015 (n = 1852)

PHQ2 ≥3 (n = 132)*PHQ2 <3 (n = 1720)*Difference
Weighted percent (95% confidence intervals)Weighted percent (95% confidence intervals)P value
% of population7.4 (6.1%–8.9%)92.6 (91.1–93.9)
% screened66.4 (56.6–76.2%)40.4 (37.5–43.2)<.001
% any mental health treatment65.5 (55.8–75.2%)19.4 (17.0–21.8)<.001
% screened and/or treated76.5 (67.9–85.1%)46.3 (43.2–49.5)<.001
  • Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2014 to 2015.9

  • * The PHQ2 is the two-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), which is a validated measure of depressive symptoms and accepted clinical screening tool for depression.7,13,14