Table 1.

Response to Knowledge Statement by Race and Treatment (N = 192)

Knowledge Statement*Overall (n = 192)RaceTreatment
White (n = 102)Black (n = 90)P ValueAS/WW (n = 16)Radiation (n = 53)Surgery (n = 96)P Value
There are several ways to treat early stage prostate cancer successfully. (True)89.692.286.7.1893.892.589.6.71
If men live long enough, most will have cancer cells in their prostate, but few will die of prostate cancer. (True)69.378.458.9.0187.577.463.5.06
Treatment for prostate cancer can have serious long-term side effects. (True)64.672.555.6.0362.554.770.8.20
In the early stage, doctors can't always tell how your prostate cancer will act. (True)62.567.656.0.2281.354.767.7.19
Most prostate cancers grow very slowly and rarely cause problems. A few grow quickly. (True)58.967.648.9.0256.354.763.5.54
Having surgery on a cancer increases the possibility that the cancer will spread to other parts of the body. (False)50.559.840.0.0137.535.865.6<.01
Surgery leads to more urinary incontinence side effects (leaking urine) than radiation. (True)47.944.152.2.1931.352.852.1.24
Surgery leads to more sexual side effects (inability to have erections) than radiation. (True)44.346.142.2.8843.847.244.8.87
Having radiation as the first treatment can make it difficult for doctors to perform surgery if the cancer came back later. (True)41.154.925.6<.0125.
Radiation leads to more bowel problems (leaking stool or rectal bleeding) than surgery. (True)37.542.232.2.2325.
The chance of being alive 10 years after treatment is the same for surgery as it is for radiation. (True)35.445.124.4<.0131.352.829.2.01
  • Data are the percentages of correct responses, unless otherwise indicated. Bold values in table indicate the difference was “statistically significant”.

  • * True and false answers are based on our knowledge scale.

  • AS, active surveillance; WW, watchful waiting.