Table 1.

Parameters Used by the World Health Organization to Define Health Care Efficiency

ParameterHow Parameter Is Defined
Population healthComplex calculation that incudes life expectancy, newborn and maternal mortality, health-related quality of life, and other determinants of health
Health inequalitiesDifferences in the health status or distribution of health determinants between population subgroups
System responsivenessTimely care
Safeguarding rights of patients
Attracting the public to seek care
Distribution of system responsivenessDifferences in the measures of system responsiveness between population subgroups
Fair financingEnsuring that poor households do not pay a higher share of their discretionary expenditures on health care than do richer households
Protecting all households against catastrophic financial losses related to ill health
  • Information from Tandon et al.1